Driverless Car Là Gì

     
Driverless cars are a transformative technology that could have important implications for society, national security, the economy, và the environment. On May 8, the Center for công nghệ Innovation and the U.S. Department of State hosted a panel of experts khổng lồ discuss the potential for driverless cars domestically và abroad. The potential benefits of autonomous vehicles are exciting but innovators and government officials must first overcome several barriers to lớn change.Driverless cars are a transformative giải pháp công nghệ that could have important implications for society, national security, the economy, and the environment. On May 8, the Center for giải pháp công nghệ Innovation and the U.S. Department of State hosted a panel of experts lớn discuss the potential for driverless cars domestically & abroad. The potential benefits of autonomous vehicles are exciting but innovators và government officials must first overcome several barriers to change .Bạn đã xem : Driverless oto là gì

Challenges

Defining a driverless car


There is no generally accepted definition of a driverless car. The phrase connotes a oto with total autonomy. Cars today already include automated technologies including anti-lock brakes, cruise control, lane assist, & active parking assist. There is no bright line for the number of automatic features a oto must have before it may be described as “ driverless. ”

Changing workplace

Automation is transforming the way our economy works, for example ATMs & self-checkout lanes in the grocery store. In the future, computers will be able to vì many of the things that only a human can bởi vì today. Driverless cars could displace parts of the labor force. For example, automated trucks could remove the need for human drivers in some sectors .

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Cultural differences on data collection

Autonomous cars use a sophisticated set of sensors khổng lồ collect & process data in order khổng lồ make decisions. Data collection is controversial in the international community. European nations và the U.S. Have different regulatory regimes governing consumer privacy. This could create a non-tariff barrier lớn the trade of automobiles .


Cybersecurity

Using computer systems connected lớn the internet in driverless cars exposes them to hacks. It’s possible to lớn create some safeguards against “ car hacks. ” For example, a oto that collects a small amount of data by itself for operation & then deletes it after use will be more difficult to lớn attack .


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Liability

Liability for accidents involving a driverless car is also a serious issue. It’s unclear who is responsible if an autonomous oto seriously injures another person. Even more complicated is if a driverless oto is forced into a situation due lớn another driver’s error or bad weather & the computer must choose between two different accidents. Programing in those situations is fraught with ethical and legal conundrums .

Benefits of automated vehicles

Reducing traffic fatalities


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Personal convenience

Many people would prefer a more relaxed environment as they are commuting to & from work. An automated vehicle could function as a sản phẩm điện thoại office during a long commute. There are even luxury car brands that are designing automated vehicles to lớn serve as a mobile lounge for traveler comfort & privacy .

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Fuel efficiency

The trucking industry consumes a very large amount gas in the United States. Automated vehicles can use fuel more efficiently by platooning, the adaptive cruise control function that allows trucks lớn stay a certain distance away from each other và travel at exactly the same speed. Manufacturers could also kiến thiết electric or hydrogen powered trucks .

Mobility

Automated cars have the potential to increase mobility & access to life-saving services. This technology could have revolutionary implications for disabled people who are unable lớn manage their own transportation. Automated cars could also be used khổng lồ gain access khổng lồ healthcare services without relying on family members or a car service. Driverless cars could also benefit people in rural communities who lack easy access lớn public transportation .

Policy Recommendations

International cooperation

Today’s cars have parts that are manufactured in different countries và sold across borders. Policy makers throughout the world need lớn coordinate their efforts with other governments. Clashing IP, environmental, health, & safety regulations could stymie the potential benefits of automated vehicles.

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Safety và testability

Every technical system has the potential khổng lồ fail. Autonomous cars must be tested và certified on an international level. There is a need for harmonization in modeling, simulation testing, & system verification to lớn ensure the safety of these vehicles across borders .The discussion surrounding driverless cars involves a great tiết kiệm chi phí với chính sách giảm giá of uncertainty. There are huge ethical decisions that must be made regarding these new technologies. It is the responsibility of policy makers lớn help decide these issues .